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A Novel Stall Warning Indicator: Part II — Underlying Flow Mechanism
Citation key 2019_eck_asme
Author Eck, M. and Rückert, R. and Lehmann, M. and Peitsch, D.
Pages GT2019-90243
Year 2019
ISBN 978-0-7918-5854-7
DOI 10.1115/GT2019-90243
Location Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Journal ASME Turbo Expo 2019: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
Volume Volume 1: Aircraft Engine; Fans and Blowers; Marine; Honors and Awards
Month 06
Note V001T01A003,
Technische Universität Berlin:
M. Eck, R. Rückert, M. Lehmann, D. Peitsch
Editor ASME
Series Turbo Expo: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
Abstract The aim of the present paper is to improve the physical understanding of flow irregularities in the blade passing signal of turbomachinery rotors, since the novel stall warning method presented in part I is based upon those irregularities. For this purpose, a complementary instrumentation was used in a single stage axial compressor. A set of pressure transducers evenly distributed along the circumference surface mounted in the casing near the rotor tip leading edges is measuring the time-resolved wall pressures simultaneously to an array of transducers recording the chord-wise static pressures. The latter allows for plotting quasi-instantaneous 2D-pressure contours. Any occurring flow disturbances causing the before mentioned irregularity can later be classified using validated frequency analysis methods being applied to the data from the circumferential sensors. While leaving the flow coefficient constant, a continuously changing number of prestall flow disturbances appears to be causing the very spectral signature which is known from investigations on Rotating Instability. Any arising number of disturbances is matching a specific mode order to be found within the spectral signature. While the flow coefficient is reduced the propagation speed of prestall disturbances increases linearly as the speed seems to be independent from the clearance size. Data taken beyond the stalling limit demonstrate a complex superposition of stall cells and flow disturbances which the title “prestall disturbance” therefore doesn’t fit to precisely any more. Different convection speeds allow the phenomena to be clearly distinguished from each other.
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