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Forcing of Separation Bubbles by Main Flow Unsteadiness or Pulsed Vortex Generating Jets: A Comparison
Zitatschlüssel 2013_lyko_asme
Autor Lyko, C. and Dähnert, J. and Peitsch, D.
Seiten GT2013-94575
Jahr 2013
ISBN 978-0-7918-5524-9
DOI 10.1115/GT2013-94575
Ort San Antonio, Texas, USA
Journal ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
Jahrgang Volume 6C: Turbomachinery
Monat 06
Notiz V06CT42A015,
Technische Universität Berlin:
C. Lyko, J. Dähnert, D. Peitsch
Herausgeber ASME
Serie Turbo Expo: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
Zusammenfassung Low pressure turbines typically operate in the low Reynolds number regime. Depending on the loading of the blade, they may exhibit detached flow with associated re-attachment in the rear part of the suction surface. Additionally the flow is highly time-dependent due to the sequence of rotating and stationary blade rows. The work presented in this paper covers experimental efforts taken to investigate this type of flow in detail. Typical low pressure turbine flow conditions have been chosen as baseline for the experimental work. A pressure distribution has been created on a flat plate by means of a contoured upper wall in a low speed wind tunnel. The distribution matches the one of the Pak-B airfoil. Unsteadiness is then super-imposed in two ways: A specific unsteadiness was created by using a Rotating Flap (RF) downstream of the test section. This results in almost sinusoidal periodic unsteady flow across the plate, simulating the interaction between stator and rotor of a turbine stage. Furthermore pulsed blowing by Vortex Generating Jets (VGJ) upstream of the suction peak was used to influence the transition process and development of the separation bubble. Measurements have been performed with hot-wire anemometry. Experimental results are presented to compare both forcing mechanisms. In sinusoidal unsteady main flow the transition occurs naturally by the breakdown of the shear layer instability, which is affected by periodic changes in the overall Reynolds number and thus pressure gradient. In opposition, Active Flow Control (AFC) by VGJ triggers the transition process by impuls and vorticity injection into the boundary layer, while maintaining a constant Reynolds number. The flow fields are compared using phase averaged data of velocity und turbulence intensity as well as boundary layer parameters, namely shape factor and momentum thickness Reynolds number. Finally a model to describe the time mean intermittency distribution is refined to fit the data.
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