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On the Effect of Volute Tongue Design on Radial Turbine Performance
Zitatschlüssel 2012_suhrmann_asme
Autor Suhrmann, J. and Peitsch, D. and Gugau, M. and Heuer, T.
Seiten pp. 891-901, GT2012-69525
Jahr 2012
ISBN 978-0-7918-4474-8
DOI 10.1115/GT2012-69525
Ort Copenhagen, Denmark
Journal ASME Turbo Expo 2012: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
Jahrgang Volume 8: Turbomachinery, Parts A, B, and C
Monat 06
Notiz Technische Universität Berlin:
J. Suhrmann, D. Peitsch
BorgWarner Turbo Systems Engineering GmbH, Germany:
M. Gugau, T. Heuer
Herausgeber ASME
Serie Turbo Expo: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
Zusammenfassung With an increasing need for gas turbines with rather low flow rates in many industrial applications, e.g. decentralized power generation, aircrafts or automotive turbochargers, the development of small size radial turbines becomes more and more important. A major step in the development of a radial turbine stage is the preliminary design, which is the definition of basic geometrical features and the calculation of general turbine flow parameters at the design point and within the operating range. These are mainly the rotational speed, the expansion ratio, the flow rate and in particular the expected turbine efficiency. In a radial turbine stage, the volute component delivers the flow to the rotor wheel and according to the geometrical form it defines major flow parameters like the mass flow parameter or the absolute rotor inlet flow angle. Amongst others, the way the flow enters the turbine wheel represents one of the most important loss generating factors. Thus, on the one hand an approach is necessary for the calculation of the optimum rotor inlet flow angle, in order to avoid dispensable losses due to secondary flow in the turbine wheel region. On the other hand, the volute tongue generates flow non-uniformity which has an effect on the overall circumferential averaged rotor inlet flow angle. Furthermore, the local flow pattern downstream of the volute tongue can generate suboptimal flow conditions for the turbine wheel. Hussain and Bhinder [1] measured the flow field at the outlet of a vaneless volute at different circumferential positions and detected a variation of the outlet angle of about Δα = 10°. The authors conclusion was, that the influence on the stage performance of flow non-uniformity generated by the volute could exceed the one of pressure losses through the volute. In this paper, the effect of different geometrical volute parameters on the flow condition especially at the turbine wheel inlet area is investigated. Experimental data of the influence of different volute tongue geometries on the flow field is difficult to generate. Hence, comprehensive numerical investigations are made using steady 3D-CFD calculations of the turbine volute as well as calculations of complete turbine stages including a turbine wheel geometry. Based on the numerical results, a design guideline is developed to estimate the influence of the geometric volute parameters on the flow and to raise the quality of the preliminary design process.
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