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Efficiency Increase and Start-Up Strategy of an Axial Turbine Stage Under Periodic Inflow Conditions Using Extremum Seeking Control
Zitatschlüssel 2022_topalovic_springerafcc
Autor Topalovic, D. and King, R. and Herbig, M. and Heinrich, A. and Peitsch, D.
Buchtitel Active Flow and Combustion Control 2021
Seiten 288–302
Jahr 2022
ISBN 978-3-030-90727-3
ISSN 1612-2909
DOI 10.1007/978-3-030-90727-3_18
Ort Switzerland
Adresse Cham
Jahrgang 152
Notiz Paper Contributed to the Conference “Active Flow and Combustion Control 2021”, September 28–29, 2021, Berlin, Germany

Technische Universität Berlin:
D. Topalovic, R. King, M. Herbig, A. Heinrich, D. Peitsch
Herausgeber King, Rudibert and Peitsch, Dieter
Verlag Springer International Publishing
Serie Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design
Zusammenfassung Since the efficiency increase of state-of-the-art gas turbines has become incrementally smaller, a significant improvement seems unlikely using the established concepts. Replacing the underlying constant pressure combustion with a constant volume combustion may change this and may yield significant efficiency increases. A possible realization of such a machine can be accomplished using firing tubes that utilize pulsed detonation combustion. This results in unsteady, periodic boundary conditions, generating challenges to the operation of the machine. A possible solution to operational difficulties is presented here using extremum seeking control (ESC). This model-free, easy to parameterize control approach is tested using a mock-up test rig designed specifically to mimic the pulsed flow conditions in front of an axial turbine. The ESC is defined in such a way that it maximizes either the calculated turbine efficiency or the specific work that is converted by the turbine by changing the synchronization between firing tubes only, leaving the parameter space of single firing events unaffected. Further, a concept for the start-up of such a gas turbine using ESC is introduced.
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